Q1. Name the most dynamic industry in Britain.
Q2. How did the East India Company prevent the Indian weavers from dealing with other companies?
Q3. Which war materials were produced in India to supply to Britain during World War I?
Q 4. The earliest factories in England came up by _____. But it was only in the late eighteenth century that the number of factories multiplied.
Q5. Why did the weavers suffer from a problem of raw cotton?
Q 6.The first symbol of the new era was ________. Its production boomed in the late nineteenth century.
Q7. ___________ created the cotton mill.
Q8. The production process (carding, twisting and spinning, and rolling) is associated with the production of _______.
Q9. Growing at a rapid pace, ________ was the leading sector in the first phase of industrialisation up to the 1840s.
Q10. With the expansion of railways, in England from the 1840s and in the colonies from the 1860s, the demand for ______ and _______ increased rapidly.
Q12. Ordinary and small innovations were the basis of growth in many _______ sectors such as _________.
Q 13.Even at the end of the nineteenth century, ________ of the total workforce was employed in technologically advanced industrial sectors.
Q14. James Watt patented the new engine in _______.
Q 15. Which of the following statements are true about Steam Engines?
Q16. __________ products came to symbolise refinement and class.
Q 17. ________ goods were for export to the colonies.
Q18. Before the age of machine industries, silk and cotton goods from _________ dominated the international market in textiles.
Q 19. _______ and ______ merchants took the goods from Punjab to Afghanistan, Eastern Persia and Central Asia.
Q20. ________ on the Coromandel Coast and had trade links with Southeast Asian ports.
Q21. _______ on the Gujarat coast connected India to the Gulf and the Red Sea Ports.
Q22. Hoogly in _______ had trade links with Southeast Asian ports.
Q23. As Surat and Hoogly ports in India decayed, _____ and _____ ports grew in India.
Q24. Which of the following statements are true about Gomasthas.
Q25. The person who got people from village, ensured them jobs, helped them settle in cities and provided them money in times of need was known as:
Q26. Why did Manchester export to India decline after the First World War?
Q27. Why were workers in England hostile to machines and new technology?
Q28. Why were there frequent clashes between the gomastha and the weavers?
Q29. From which of the following trade did the early entrepreneurs make a fortune?
Q 30. Which of the following was a European managing agency?
Q31. Why did the weavers suffer from a problem of raw cotton?
Q32. In Victorian Britain the upper classes- aristocratic class and bourgeoisie preferred handmade goods because: (
Q33. By late 19th century why did the British manufacturers print calendars for advertisements?
Q34. Which of the following innovations helped the weavers in increasing productivity and compete with mill sector?
Q35. In the 17th century, merchants from towns in Europe moved to the countryside to:
Q36. Name the first industrial country in the world:
Q37. Why couldn’t the merchants expand production within towns?
Q38. Where was the first cotton mill established? ;
Q39. Who devised the Spinning Jenny?
Q40. How did urban merchants acquire trade monopoly?
Q41. Indian industrial growth increased after First World War because:
Q42. Which of the following helped the production of handloom cloth?
Q43. Why was it difficult to get a job in a factory in 19th century Britain?
Q44. What made workers become hostile to the ‘Spinning Jenny’?
Q45. Which of the following is not a reason why industrialists in 19th century Europe preferred hand labour over machines?
Q46. After 1940s, building activity opened up greater opportunities of employment. What kind of work was introduced?
Q47. Coarser cotton was produced in many countries but finer varieties came from:
Q48. With the growth of colonial power, trade through the new ports of Bombay and Calcutta came to be controlled by:
Q49. Identify the incorrect option. Early entrepreneur of India:
Q50. How did the mill owners organize the recruitment of workers? Choose the correct answer from the list given below: