Verbs (Action Word)
Definition: A verb is a word which represents any action so a verb is also called action word.
A sentence can never be complete without a verb.
Types of verb:
On the basic of actionof the verb in a sentence, Verbs are divided into two types.
Main verb: Main verb plays the dominant role in representing the action.
Ex. 1. He is writing a letter.
2. He smiles.
Types of main verb
Main verbs are divided into two types.
(a)Transitive verb: Transitive verbs are used with their object. Each transitive verb carries an action of a subject and applies it to an object. These verbs tell us what the subject does.
Ex.1. He is writing a letter.
2. He is throwing a ball.
3. You have completed your work.
4. The peon rings the bell.
(b) Intransitive verb: Intransitive verb are used without objects. Intransitive verbs denote action of the subject but they do not apply it on object.
EX. 1. He smiles.
2. Birds fly.
3. The wind blows.
4. We sleep at night.
5. Triyank speaks loudly.
Helping or Auxiliaries verb:
Auxiliary verbs support main verbs to complete their sense. These helping verbs or auxiliary verbs are also divided into two types.
(a)Primary auxiliary verbs: Primary helping verbs are used in present and past tenses.
Present indefinite: Do, Does
Present continuous: Is, are, am
Present prefect: Has, have
Present perfect continuous: has been, have been
Past indefinite: Did
Past continuous: Was, were
Past perfect: Had
Past perfect continuous: Had been
NOTE (1): Is, are, am, was, were, be, been are called the verbs of “Be”.
(2): Has, have, had are called verbs of “Have”.
(3): Do, does, Did are called the verbs of “Do”.
Ex. 1.Your brother is not going to school.
2. You were making a noise.
3. I have done my work.
4. He had bought several good chances.
5. Do you know how to read Urdu?
(b) Modal Auxiliaries: There are ten modal verbs used in many ways.
- ought to