Definition: An adverb is a word that modifies the meaning of a verb, adjective, and another adverb.
Ex:1. Manish runs fast. Manish runs very fast.
2. Manu speaks loudly. Manu speaks very loudly.
3. Mango is a very sweet fruit.
Kinds of adverb
According to their meaning, adverbs are divided into the following kinds.
1. Adverb of Place: The adverb of place tells us where an action is happening.
Ex. 1. I have lost my pen here.
2. You can go everywhere.
2. Adverb of time: An adverb of time tells us when an action takes place.
Ex. 1. My friend came to me yesterday.
2. You come here daily.
3. Adverb of degree or quantity: Adverb of degree or quantity tells us “how much or to what degree.”
Ex. 1. He almost is tired.
2. This mango is almost ripe.
3. I have enough money to buy a car.
4. Adverb of frequency: Adverb of frequency tells us how often an action takes place.
Ex- 1. I have taken tea twice today.
2. I invited him many times but he didn’t come.
3. She seldom makes mistake.
5. Adverb of reason: Adverb of reason tells us why an action takes place.
Ex- 1. He is ill, he, therefore, will not go to school.
2. He is hence unable to complete the work.
6. Adverb of manner: Adverb of manner tells us how an action takes place.
Ex- 1. Our players played well.
2. They came down the stairs slowly.
3. His brother run fast.
4. Indian Army fought bravely.
6. Adverb of affirmation and negation: This adverb tells us weather an action is done or not.
Ex- 1. He certainly hit the ball.
2. I did not see him yesterday.
Uses of some important adverbs
1.Late and lately:
Late: “At the end of period”.
EX– 1.He came late here
2. He went to bed late at night
Ex- 1.I have heard this news lately.
2. PM Narendra Modi has returned from America lately.
2. Still and Yet:
Still: “In positive sense.”
Ex- 1. He was ill still he was going to school.
2 .He was punished still he was happy.
Yet: “In negative sense.”
1. I requested him yet he did not help me.
2. Though he was my friend yet he did not follow my advice.
Hard and hardly:
3. Hard (difficult or solid): The “word” hard is used as an adverb as well as an adjective.
Ex. 1. Learning French is very hard.
2. Lead is a hard metal.
Hardly: Hardly is used as an adverb. It means almost not.
Ex . 1. He can hardly pass in the exams.
2. There is hardly any money in his account
4. Too and very:
Very: Very means in a great degree. It is used before pleasant/ unpleasant adjective.
Ex. 1. I am very happy today.
2. He had a very bad experience that day.
Too: Too means more than required. It is usually used before unpleasant adjectives.
Ex. 1. His behavior gave his father too much pain.