Definition:- Conjunction is a word which joins two words or two sentences.
There are two kinds of conjunction:-
1. Subordinating conjunctions (Subordinating Connector).
2. Coordinating conjunctions (co-coordinating Connector).
(A) Subordinating conjunction:-Those conjunctions which make subordinating clause are called subordinating conjunction. In other words, the conjunctions which are used in complex sentences are called subordinating conjunctions.
Subordinating conjunctions are following:-
1. That (ki):- He said that he would go to Delhi.
2. That (jo):- For non- living things.
Example: I bought a pen that was very costly.
3. Who (jo):– For human beings.
Example: I saw a boy who had a long beard.
4. Which (jo):- For non- living thing, animals and birds.
Example: Triyank had a hen which laid golden egg.
5. Where (jaha):- I know the place where your grandfather lives.
6. When (jab):- When I went to his home, he was sleeping. Or He was sleeping when I went to his home.
7. How (jaise):- Tell me how you have solved this question.
8. Why (kyo):- Tell me the reason why you went there.
9. Whose (jiska):- This is the boy whose book was lost.
10. Whom (jise, jisko):- This is the boy whom I beat yesterday.
11. Because (kyoki):- He will not go to school because he is ill.
12. As (kyoki):- The police arrested him as he committed guilt.
13. since (kyoki):- Since he was late, he could not catch the train.
14. As soon as (jyohi):- As soon as I came out of the house, the rain started.
15. No sooner….than (jyonhi):- No sooner did the teacher enter the room than all students stood up.
16. So that (Taki):- He ran fast so that he might catch the train.
17. So ……that (Itna…ki):- He is so wise that you cannot cheat him.
18. Such …as (aisa….jaisa):- He has such an aim as cannot be completed.
19. Same….that (Vahi….jo):- This is the same book that I gave you.
20. If (yadi, kya):- If you work hard, you will pass.
21. Whether (yadi,chahe):- I don’t know whether he will come or not.
22. While (jabki):- While I was going home, I saw a snake.
23. Though (yadpi):- Though he is poor, He is honest.
24. Whenever (jab kabhi):- Whenever you find free time you can come to me.
25. Wherever (jaha kahi):- You can go wherever you want.
26. Whoever (jo koi):- Whoever wants to read tuition of English, He can come to me.
27. Lest….should (kahin esa na ho ki):- Walk carefully lest you should fall.
28. Such…as (Esa……jo):-Avoid such students as waste their time.
(B)Coordinating conjunctions:- The conjunction which makes a coordinate clause are called coordinating conjunction.
These are of four kinds:-
(a).Cumulative conjunctions:- These conjunctions are used to join similar statements.
Example: I went to market and I bought a book from there.
1. As well as (tatha… bhi):– He as well as I went to cinema.
(2). Both …and (dono…. Aur):- Both Siddharth and Adarsh are talking.
(B). Adversative conjunctions:- Through these conjunctions to opposite statements are joining.
3. But (lakin):- Anuj is a wise boy but his brother is fool.
4. Though/although……….yet (yadpi…phir bhi):- Though he was ill, yet he went to school.
5. Still (phir bhi):- Today I got my mobile repaired still it is not working well.
6. However (phir bhi):- I invited him however he did not come.
7. Nevertheless (phir bhi/isper bhi):- I invited him twice nevertheless he did not come.
(C).Illative conjunctions:- These conjunctions are used to join the two sentences in which one sentences is the result of the other one.
Example:1.So (isliye):- He worked hard so he passed.
2. Therefore (isliye):- It is raining therefore I shall not go out.
3. For (Kyoki)- I shall not go out for it is raining.
(D). Alternative conjunctions:- These conjunctions are used to join the alternative statements.
Example:1. Either (ya to ya):- Either you or your brother has stolen my book.
2. Neither …nor (na to na ):- Neither you nor your friend as done your work.
3. Or (ya):- Do your work or go out.
4. Otherwise (Aneytha/verna):- Do your work otherwise I will beat you.
5. Else (Aneytha/verna):- Do your work else I will beat you.