Conjunction Definition, Types, Uses, Examples, and Exercise

                                               Conjunctions (connector)

Definition:- Conjunction is a word which joins two words or two sentences.

There are two kinds of conjunction:-

1. Subordinating conjunctions (Subordinating Connector).

2. Coordinating conjunctions (co-coordinating Connector).

(A) Subordinating conjunction:-Those conjunctions which make subordinating clause are called subordinating conjunction. In other words, the conjunctions which are used in complex sentences are called subordinating conjunctions.

Subordinating conjunctions are following:-

1. That (ki):- He said that he would go to Delhi.

2. That (jo):- For non- living things.

Example: I bought a pen that was very costly.

3. Who (jo):– For human beings.

Example: I saw a boy who had a long beard.

4. Which (jo):- For non- living thing, animals and birds.

Example: Triyank had a hen which laid golden egg.

5. Where (jaha):-   I know the place where your grandfather lives.

6. When (jab):- When I went to his home, he was sleeping. Or He was sleeping when I went to his home.

7. How (jaise):- Tell me how you have solved this question.

8. Why (kyo):- Tell me the reason why you went there.

9. Whose (jiska):-   This is the boy whose book was lost.

10. Whom (jise, jisko):-   This is the boy whom I beat yesterday.

11. Because (kyoki):-   He will not go to school because he is ill.

12. As (kyoki):-   The police arrested him as he committed guilt.

13. since (kyoki):-    Since he was late, he could not catch the train.

14. As soon as (jyohi):-    As soon as I came out of the house, the rain started.

15. No sooner….than (jyonhi):-    No sooner did the teacher enter the room than all students stood up.

16. So that (Taki):-    He ran fast so that he might catch the train.

17. So ……that (Itna…ki):-    He is so wise that you cannot cheat him.

18. Such …as (aisa….jaisa):- He has such an aim as cannot be completed.

19. Same….that (Vahi….jo):- This is the same book that I gave you.

20. If (yadi, kya):- If you work hard, you will pass.

21. Whether (yadi,chahe):- I don’t know whether he will come or not.

22. While (jabki):- While I was going home, I saw a snake.

23. Though (yadpi):- Though he is poor, He is honest.

24. Whenever (jab kabhi):- Whenever you find free time you can come to me.

25. Wherever (jaha kahi):- You can go wherever you want.

26. Whoever (jo koi):- Whoever wants to read tuition of English, He can come to me.

27. Lest….should (kahin esa na ho ki):- Walk carefully lest you should fall.

28. Such…as (Esa……jo):-Avoid such students as waste their time.

 (B)Coordinating conjunctions:- The conjunction which makes a coordinate clause are called coordinating conjunction.

These are of four kinds:-

(a).Cumulative conjunctions:- These conjunctions are used to join similar statements.

Example: I went to market and I bought a book from there.

1. As well as (tatha… bhi):– He as well as I went to cinema.

(2). Both …and (dono…. Aur):- Both Siddharth and Adarsh are talking.

(B). Adversative conjunctions:- Through these conjunctions to opposite statements are joining.

3. But (lakin):- Anuj is a wise boy but his brother is fool.

4. Though/although……….yet (yadpi…phir bhi):- Though he was ill, yet he went to school.

5. Still (phir bhi):- Today I got my mobile repaired still it is not working well.

6. However (phir bhi):- I invited him however he did not come.

7. Nevertheless (phir bhi/isper bhi):- I invited him twice nevertheless he did not come.

(C).Illative conjunctions:- These conjunctions are used to join the two sentences in which one sentences is the result of the other one.

Example:1.So (isliye):- He worked hard so he passed.

2. Therefore (isliye):- It is raining therefore I shall not go out.

3. For (Kyoki)- I shall not go out for it is raining.

(D). Alternative conjunctions:- These conjunctions are used to join the alternative statements.

Example:1. Either (ya to ya):- Either you or your brother has stolen my book.

2. Neither …nor (na to na ):- Neither you nor your friend as done  your work.

3. Or (ya):- Do your work or go out.

4. Otherwise (Aneytha/verna):- Do your work otherwise I will beat you.

5. Else (Aneytha/verna):- Do your work else I will beat you.

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